Components

Social Mobilisation (COs, VOs, LSOs)

The EU funded Sindh Union Council and Community Economic Strengthening Support (SUCCESS) Programme is based on the Rural Support Programmes’ (RSPs) social mobilisation approach to Community Driven Development (CDD).

Social Mobilisation centers around the belief that poor people have an innate potential to help themselves; that they can better manage their limited resources if they organise and are provided technical and financial support. The RSPs under the SUCCESS Programme provide social guidance, technical and financial assistance to the rural poor in Sindh.

The social mobilisation strategy of the SUCCESS is based on the development of partnership between the rural poor and the Rural Support Programmes (RSPs). The RSPs’ objective is to help communities form the Community Organisations (COs) of 15-25 poor households, subsequently federating into a Village-level Organisation (VOs), and finally the creation of an apex body of Village Organisations at the Union Council level called Local Support Organisation (LSOs). The LSOs form higher level (Tehsil or District) LSO networks for collaboration and cooperation with government departments, donors, NGOs, and other stakeholders.

The RSPs social mobilisation process involves building capacities of people, focusing on poor and women to organise, manage their own organisations, and link these into government services, to increase the outreach and accountability of government to the people.

The SUCCESS programme provides resources to the RSPs to: train a cadre of community leaders i.e. Presidents and Managers of community institutions (COs/VOs/LSOs) to lead and run the community institutions; and train a cadre of Community Resource Persons (CRPs) with sector-specific knowledge to impart know-how on a range of topics such as education, family planning, nutrition, health and civic rights to communities.

Once the community institutions are formed, every CO member prepares a Micro Investment Plan (MIP), decides how she will increase income. Based on MIP the eligible members are provided one or multiple support from the following components of the programme.

Outreach

The EU funded Sindh Union Council and Community Economic Strengthening Support (SUCCESS) Programme

606,000

Organised Households

3,0000

Women Community Organisations

3400

Women Village Organisationss

314

Local Support Organisations

Impact

  • The poor make profitable choices through the Micro Investment Plan for CIF loans, IGGs and training that are consistent with their resources and local markets (RSPN Self Evaluation Report 2018).
  • Increase in women’s confidence and greater say in household decision making
  • Increased mobility for some (esp. community leaders).
Indicators Status of sample CO member Households (n= 628) Status of sample CO member Households (n=317) Baseline Status in the SUCCESS districts
(IMI 2021) (IMI 2019) (PSC 2016 and MICS 2014)
% of deliveries took place through skilled birth attendant or at health facility (public or private) in last one year 81 88 49.7*
% households that have vaccination cards for children (0-23 months) 91 92 52**
% of households that have latrines in their homes 64 52 52**
% of eligible (above 18 years of age) women and men have CNICs 75 93 76***
% of eligible (above 18 years of age) women and men have CNICs 22 20 Not available
% of children (5-12 years) enrolled in school 69 76 32***
% of CO members who are aware of at least four basic human rights 58 56 Not available
% of children (boys and girls) with birth registration 19 21 1***
No. of forest/fruit trees planted by CO member households per CO 58 42 Not available
*Institutional delivery in rural Sindh, MICS 2014 **Child (0-35 months) ever had vaccination card, MICS 2014, ***Result of PSC survey for poor households (PSC 0-23) RSPN, 2016, **** MICS 2014 for rural Sindh

Community Investment Fund (CIF):

CIF is capital grant from SUCCESS programme to the community institutions, especially LSOs. The main purpose of the CIF is to support the financial and institutional sustainability of the community institutions, and to provide financial access to members.

The LSOs manage the CIF as a revolving fund while offering micro loans to women with maximum amount of PKR 30,000 (€ 176) and average amount of PKR 18,000 (€ 94). CIF targets the poor households identified through the Poverty Score Card (PSC) to ensure that only the households with a PSC 0-23 at the baseline access capital and start income generating activities.

Outreach

1,668M

sub-granted to 314 LSOs.

100,852

women received PKR 2,688 million from the LSOs

83%

of CIF beneficiaries invested their CIF in Livestock

7%

invested in small business (micro enterprises)

10%

invested in agriculture inputs.

Impact

24%

of CIF benefeciaries moved out of poverty scorecard category of 0-23 in the year 2020

Livestock

Average Value of Assets/ beneficiary householdsPKR 38,894

Average Annual Income/ beneficiary households

PKR 4402

from meat & milk

PKR 10,782

from sale of livestock
82%

of households invested in livestock

Agricultural Input

Average Seasonal Income/ beneficiary householdsPKR 329,665

*increased investment in purchase of seeds, fertilizers, renting tractors

10%

of households invested in livestock

Micro-Enterprises

Average Annual Income/ beneficiary households PKR 24,264

Average Value of Assets/ beneficiary households

PKR 20428

8%

of households invested in livestock

Income Generating Grants (IGGs):

The IGGs provide assistance to the poorest community members through a one-time cash grant to start economic/income generating activities.

The Poverty Score Card (PSC) is used to identify the eligible households to ensure that only the poorest households with a Poverty Score of 0-12 at the baseline access the IGG. Additionally, the COs have to approve the eligibility of the household. The maximum grant value under IGGs is PKR 50,000 (€ 294) and average amount of PKR 15,000 (€ 88).

PKR 920M

sub-granted to 2,610 (VOs)

42,053

Households currently benefitting by ICG

91%

of IGG used for Livestock

6%

for small business (enterprises)

3%

invested in agriculture inputs.

Impact

24%

of CIF benefeciaries moved out of poverty scorecard category of 0-23 in the year 2020

Livestock

Average Value of Assets/ beneficiary householdsPKR 38,894

Average Annual Income/ beneficiary households

PKR 4402

from meat & milk

PKR 10,782

from sale of livestock
82%

of households invested in livestock

Agricultural Input

Average Seasonal Income/ beneficiary householdsPKR 329,665

*increased investment in purchase of seeds, fertilizers, renting tractors

10%

of households invested in livestock

Micro-Enterprises

Average Annual Income/ beneficiary households PKR 24,264

Average Value of Assets/ beneficiary households

PKR 20428

8%

of households invested in livestock

Micro Health Insurance (MHI):

MHI is a social protection measure for the most destitute and vulnerable households. The objective of the MHI is to protect these households from health shocks that may push them deeper into poverty due to large expenses commonly incurred on health.

The SUCCESS programme provides MHI with a premium of Rs. 1,000 (€ 5.88) per household and a hospitalisation coverage of Rs. 25,000 (€ 147) per year per household member to twenty-five percent of the poorest (PSC 0-12, starting from the lowest score).

Impact

  • Saved the poorest in distress from overwhelming burden and pauperisation
  • Provides timely access of the services of qualified doctors for the treatments which would have been unaffordable otherwise.
  • Has helped families to save their critical assets such as livestock from being sold to pay for the healthcare expenses
  • Prevented the money borrowing from money lenders, neighbours and landlords or approaching unskilled service providers for cheaper health services

Outreach

137,130

households

957,589

people insured

21,729

patients treated with MHI claim of Rs. 313 million with an overall claim to premium ratio of 75%

Technical and Vocational Skills Training (TVST):

The purpose of the TVST is to design and implement demand driven training programmes that enable people to generate incomes through skills imparted i.e. either by providing access to local labour markets or through self-employment

The SUCCESS programme provides TVSTs to men and women from the households with PSC 0-23. The maximum per-person cost of the of TVST is capped at Rs. 45,000 (€ 262).

Outreach

26,433

members trained against a target of 42,385. The beneficiaries include 85% women and 15% men

Impact

  • 86% sample TVST beneficiaries who found employment.
  • 43% of the beneficiaries were earning an additional monthly income of PKR 1000 to 2000 per month; 21% were receiving PKR 2000 to 3000; 29% were getting between PKR 5,000 to 6,000 and 6% of beneficiaries were earning income of about PKR 15,000 to 18,000. (External Performance Monitoring Mission, 2020)

Community Physical Infrastructure (CPIs):

The purpose of the CPI projects is to improve basic community level infrastructure and productive assets.These projects are identified, implemented, and maintained by the VOs, thus building their institutional capacity and ownership, and meeting their needs.

The SUCCESS programme provides each VO a grant of the maximum amount of Rs. 900,000 (€ 5,294) for the CPI.

Outreach

2,056

CPIs worth Rs. 1,151 million initiated against target 2,719

1,400

CPIs completed

186,288

Households will be benefited by the initiated schemes

Impact

  • Direct benefits:
    • Employment for the local people in wages paid to them from the project cost
    • Having business opportunities for local entrepreneurs who supply the material required for the construction or installation of CPIs
    • Social benefits: More cohesion in the community in discussing and resolving conflicts and social issues
  • Indirect benefits:
    • Availability of services at the doorstep which improve the quality of life and living standards
    • Reduction in the physical and financial burden of the beneficiary community
  • Community involvement in the procurement of material and labor and its implementation has enhanced technical and fund management capacities.
  • Tuffs and Pavements:
    • Easy access to poor community members to nearby metaled roads and public services such as hospitals in an emergency, local markets, schools, courts, government department offices and so on
    • Reduced transportation cost for local members
  • Low-cost CPI latrines:
    • Contribution in improving the hygiene and sanitation conditions in the areas through low-cost CPI latrines
    • Resulted in low frequency of hospitals’ visit due to declined disease incidences
  • Water Hand Pump Schemes:
    • Enhancement in year-round availability of safe drinking water
    • Reduced water-borne diseases
    • Time effective for women and children in fetching water that can be used for other economic, social and educational activities
  • The Lift Irrigation Scheme:
    • Increased in crop yields as it ensures the availability of irrigation water at a time when there is a shortage of water supply in canals
    • Increased production leads to higher household income that can be used on health, education, food or to purchase inputs for the next crop

Adult Literacy and Numeracy Skills (ALNS):

ALNS is a new component added to the existing SUCCESS programme in 2021 to enable women to achieve their goals, to develop their knowledge and potential, and to participate fully in their community and wider society. It is expected that in the long run women could influence gender roles positively and mainstreaming their role for social and economic empowerment. The programme aims to establish around 1400 ALNS centres across the eight SUCCESS districts to reach 35,000 women members of the Community Organisations, beneficiaries of CIF, IGG, MHI, TVST and other women who either never attended school or dropped out before completing the 5th grade in school will be benefit from the ALNS component.

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