Pakistan ranks 138 (out of 144) in education, and has a female literacy rate of just 43 per cent. As investment in education increases, there is a need to understand the ground realities that deter children’s participation in the education system. Sultana Ali and Abdur Rehman Cheema explore some factors that are road blocks to improving female literacy. During our field investigations, we often hear that people linking education of a girl to ruin of the families’reputation, but breaking away from the repeated cycles of educational deprivation of...READ MORE
Women’s contribution to agriculture across South Asia is often overlooked, yet the evidence suggests that they play a central role, particularly in livestock management. Here Sultana Ali and Abdur Rehman Cheema draw on their fieldwork to highlight the specific nature of women’s agricultural work in rural Sindh, and the benefits of making this more visible and properly remunerated. Agricultural and livestock activities are the most important source of income for rural households in Pakistan. In 2015-16 livestock contributed 58.55 per...READ MORE
By: Abdur Rehman Cheema and Mehvish Riaz Education crisis in developing countries cannot be fixed until the children of the elite are made to enroll in the same schools where ordinary citizens are educated. Today, Pakistan is the largest recipient of the UK’s aid with most of the money spent on reforms in education sector. However, this amount of nearly $150 million is just two percent of the country’s education budget of $7.5 billion. This clearly shows, notwithstanding little foreign...READ MORE
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